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Orson Pratt Brown's Uncle (Sixth Generation)

section header - biography

Joshua Chandler Abbott 1804-1896

Joshua Chandler Abbott

Born: August 14, 1804 at Suffolk, Massachusetts
Died: April 9, 1896 at Gardner, Douglas, Oregon

Joshua Chandler Abbott was born 14 August 1804 in Massachusetts, the son of Solomon Abbott II and Lucy Frye. [His family came from Dracut and Andover, Essex, Massachusetts. Joshua was born two days before his "six generation cousin" Stephen Joseph Abbott was born in Pennsylvania. Joshua was also a friend of Stephen's friend, Captain James Brown.]

Before the fall of 1834 Joshua moved to Rochester, Monroe, New York, where he was married to Ruth Markham by a Methodist minister. Ruth was the daughter of James Markham and Lois Leach.

Ruth Markham Abbott Gardner

After their marriage they resided in Brockport, Monroe County, [New York] until 1835. In that year they removed to Hiram, Portage County, Ohio. It is likely they moved to Hiram because Ruth's sister, Betsey Elizabeth Gardner, and her husband, Elias Gardner, lived there.

On 14 April 1837 they had a daughter Ellen Elizabeth Abbott at Ogden, Genessee County, New York. They had another daughter Mary Abbott in 1839 while at Portage County, Ohio.

section header - children
Children of Joshua Chandler Abbott and Ruth Markham Abbott

Ellen Elizabeth Abbott Gardner 1837-1916
Ellen Elizabeth Abbott

Born: 14 April 1837

Married: Elias Gardner on 9 February 1852 at Endowment House, Salt Lake City, Utah

Died: 17 July 1916 at Ammon, Bonneville, Idaho

Mary Abbott

Born: 1839 in Illinois


Died: 1845 at Hancock County, Illinois

James Steele Abbott

Born: 1843 in Illinois

Child lived 18 months

Died: 1844 at Hancock County, Illinois

Emily Ann Abbott

Born: 24 December 1848 at Salt Lake City,  Utah

Married: Elias Gardner on13 July 1867 Salt Lake City, Utah

Died: 4 August 1880 at Annabelle, Sevier, Utah

It is assumed that they united with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints in Hiram. After their baptism by Thomas Ducher they migrated with the Saints to Hancock County, Illinois. They had James Steele Abbott in 1843 in Illinois, and in Hancock their two children died: Mary, 1845 age 6, and James, 1844 age 1.

After burying their children, Joshua and Ruth Abbott fled from religious persecution into Iowa Territory. At Council Bluffs, Joshua enlisted in the Mormon Battalion. Ruth volunteered to accompany him on the Battalion trek as a laundress in Captain Nelson Higgins Company D. Together they marched from Council Bluffs to Santa Fe., where they were detached with the sick under the leadership of Captain James Brown, to Fort Pueblo. At the fort, Joshua was wounded in his hand by a bullet in October 1846 (Pension File).

After wintering at Pueblo, Captain Brown's sick battalion, including Joshua and Ruth Abbott, migrated to the Salt Lake Valley, arriving on 27 July 1847. (See note below)

By Aug 1, 1846 the Mormon Battalion, at that time numbered 549 men, were camped at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas traveling westward by another route, thus greatly weakening the camp of the saints. The men had been given the privilege of having their wives with them and there were a few children named. Ruth Abbott's name was among the list of women of the Battalion but her child, Ellen Elizabeth Abbott, was not listed there. (PH vol 5)

It appears that Joshua and Ruth had left their nine year old daughter with Ruth's sister, Betsy Markham, at Winter Quarters. Tradition is that Ellen came across the plains with the Gardner's. (More complete details pertaining to the Abbott's daughter and her plural marriage as fifth wife of Elias Gardner on February 9, 1852, and their subequent twelve children, are recorded in the Joshua and Ruth Abbott Manuscript.)

When Joshua and Ruth were with the sick detachment to Pueblo, Colorado, where they wintered the winter of 1846-47,  it is though they then came on to Salt Lake with the sick detachment in the summer of 1847, being mustered out at Utah Valley on July 16, 1847, according to an affidavit signed by two of his fellow soldiers.  However, other records in his serviceman’s file and pension application file say he was discharged on Dec 30, 1847, but they don’t say where.  His certificate of discharge does not appear to be in either of these files.  He probably surrendered it to the land office to obtain his bounty land as was the requirement.  Salt Lake Valley was the most likely place they were mustered out.

When Joshua and Ruth settled in Salt Lake Valley, they owned a little spring or stream of water. But as Salt Lake grew, the city had to have his stream of water for the city water. Joshua Abbott thought for the city to take his water that he ran his grist mill with wasn.t right, and it made him angry. Joshua left the Salt Lake Valley after a confrontation with Brigham Young in the spring of 1849.

One family story states that Joshua tried to persuade his wife, Ruth, to go with him, but she was tired out from their trip across the plains [and had a new daughter, Emily Ann Abbott born December 24, 1848 in SLC]. She told him to go ahead and get a home for them, and she would follow him. But I guess he (about that time) thought the world was turning against him, and he left.

Another story is that he heard that his family had been killed by Indians, and so he never did return to Salt Lake.

At any rate, by the spring of 1851, his wife was living alone in Bountiful, next door to her second cousin, Stephen Markham with her two daughters, Ellen Elizabeth and Emily Ann.  According to what she said, Joshua left her in the spring of 1849.  He migrated to Atchison Country, Missouri, where in July 1849, he applied for his bounty land of 160 acres in Illinois. A warrant was issued for 160 acres in Illinois.  There is no evidence to indicate that Joshua ever went to Illinois to claim his land, as on Feb 8, 1850, he assigned it to a John S. Hayward, probably for some compensation, as this was a widespread practice at this time for soldiers to sell their land warrants.  Two witnesses to the bill of sale were Allen Compton and James Brown, were also in the Mormon Battalion with Joshua; Compton in the same Company D and Brown, Captain of Company C; and they were also in the sick detachment sent to Pueblo and then on to Salt Lake City. Two of his companions from Company D of the Mormon Battalion, John Steele and William Howe, were also there at that time, and there might have been some involvement with them which took him to this area.  How long he stayed here is unknown.

Sometime after Feb. 8, 1850, he must have moved to California.  Where he was and when he moved to California, we don’t know.  We know he was there and married the second time to Jane Brockway (Life Sketch, Joshua Abbot) by 1868 is obvious from the fact that his son, Jessie G. Abbot, was born then.  He could have been married earlier than 1868, as he supposedly had another child named Susan Abbot by his second wife.

Between 1870 and 1880 he removed to Douglas County, Oregon, and worked as a farmer (Oregon Federal Census, 1880). In Gardiner, Douglas County, he was married for the third time to a 46-year-old widow Mrs. Nancy J. Bay (b. 6 July 1826, Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois and married to William F. Bay, about 1842) on 1 February 1882 by E. H. Burchard, justice of the peace (Pension File) in Gardiner, Douglas County, Oregon.

Ruth Markham Abbott never heard from him. Ruth Abbott was sealed to Elias Gardner, her son-in-law on February 9, 1852, and made her home with Elias Gardner and Ruth's daughter Ellen Elizabeth Abbott Gardner, wife of Elias Gardner.

[Nine Wives of Elias Gardner (1807-1890):
1. Harriet Snow Smith Gardner md. 1 Jan 1826 at Lee, Berkshire, Massachusetts
2. Amy Pritchard Gardner md. 13 Feb 1832 at Lee, Berkshire, Massachusetts.
3. Diantha Hanchett Gardner md. 19 Nov 1847 Manti, Sanpete, Utah.
4. Betsey Elizabeth Markham Gardner md. 9 Dec 1846. Ruth Markham Abbott's sister.
5. Ellen Elizabeth Abbott Gardner md. 9 Feb 1852 Endowment House, SLC, Utah.
6. Ruth Markham Abbott Gardner md. 9 Feb 1852 Endowment House, SLC, Utah.
7. Anne English Gardner md. 4 Dec 1855, Payson, Utah, Utah
8. Emily Ann Abbott Gardner md. 13 July 1867 Salt Lake City, Utah.
9. Martha Todd Gardner md. 13 July 1867.]

Ruth Markham died 13 September 1888 in Annabella, Sevier County, Utah. Years after Ruth Abbott died, her daughter, Ellen Elizabeth Abbott Gardner, received a letter from her father, Joshua Chandler Abbott, wanting her to come to him, but she died shortly [twenty years] after she received his letter [she died July 17, 1916], so her daughter, Martha Jan Gardner Kearns (1880-1974), found out that Joshua Abbott married again and had one son, a doctor.

By 1888 Joshua's health was declining. In 1894 he suffered from rheumatism and natural disabilities related to old age. He was unable to perform manual labor on his 160 acres of land: 120 acres were mountainous, and 40 acres were swampland. This acreage, value at $250, did not provide him with any income (Pension File).

He died from hematemesis. On 9 April 1896 (age 91) at his home site on the Smith River in Gardiner, Douglas County, Oregon. T. B. Gabriel helped wash, dress, and bury the body. After this burial, a conflict arose over legal rights to the widow's pension. Joshua had never divorced his first wife even though he married two or three other women.

According to the government pension examiner, his marriage to his last wife was considered a common-law union and not valid in the state of Oregon (Pension File).È


The soldiers of the battalion who arrived in Pueblo, Colorado in 1846 included: Joshua Abbott (see Mormon Battalion)


PAF - Archer files = George Abbott III + Hannah Chandler had two sons: William Abbott 1657 and Benjamin Abbott 1661
Stephen Joseph Abbott is thru the William Abbott line; Joshua Chandler Abbott is thru the Benjamin Abbott line.
Stephen b. 16 Aug 1804 and Joshua b. 14 Aug 1804 are each the sixth generation from George Abbott III.

Orson Pratt Brown < Captain James Brown + Phebe Abbott < Stephen Joseph Abbott + Abigail Smith < James Abbott + Phebe Howe < Abiel Abbott + Abigail Fenton < Phillip Abbott + Abigail Bickford < William Abbott + Elizabeth Geary < George Abbott III + Hannah Chandler

Joshua Chandler Abbott + Ruth Markham < Solomon Abbott II + Lucy Frye < Solomon Abbott I + Hannah Colby < David Abbott + Hannah Danforth < Benjamin Abbott + Sarah Farnum < George Abbott III + Hannah Chandler.

George Abbott III migrated to America in 1640, he and Thomas Chandler (Hannah's brother) were the first settlers of Andover, Essex, Massachusetts.
See "A genealogical register of the descendants of George Abbott [III] of Andover: George Abbot of Rowley, Thomas Abbot of Andover, Arthur Abbot of Ipswich, Robert Abbot of Branford,CT. and George Abbot of Norwalk, Ct." Boston: James Munroe, 1847, 218 pages. From Heritage Quest Online. Page 1



Emma Jean Van Orden 2194 E. 5950 N. Liberty, UT 84310

From The Pioneer Camp of the Saints - The 1846-1847 Mormon Trail Journals of Thomas Bullock, edited by Will Bagley, The Arthur H. Clark Company, Spokane, Washington, 1997.
Page 253:
"Monday 9 August 1847 - About one hour before day break Catherine Steele Wife of John Steele was safely delivered of a daughter named Young Elizabeth by Ruth Abbott.
39 Made up a Mail of 252 letters to [the Mormon] Battalion [and] gave same to Captain Brown to take, also a letter to Captain Jefferson Hunt signed by B. Young & W. Richards. They also signed a letter to Elder Brannan which he took.40 J.S. Fowler, accompanied him to San Francisco. J.C. Little, Lieutenant Willis, J. Matthews, J. Brown & J. Buchanan accompanied them [and] go with them to Bear River, to explore the Valley. ...Captain James Brown, Jesse S. Brown, Wm. Squires, W. Gribble, Lisander Woodworth, Gilbert Hunt, & [Abner] blackburn go as a detachment to Battalion in California, to get discharges & etc.41
39. The proud father noted, "my wife was safely delivered of a fine little girl who was named Young Elizabeth Steele, in honor of President Young and my sister Elizabeth," She was "the first white child born in the valley." See Steele, "Extracts from the Journal of John Steele," 18. Ruth Abbott (1810-1903) was the wife of battalion veteran Joshua Chandler Abbott.
40. This was the 7 August letter that confirmed Brannan's authority as leader of the Mormons in California.
41. Young sent James Brown to make sure the sick detachments were properly discharged and, most importantly, to pick up their pay, which the Saints used to purchase Miles Goodyear's fort. For an account of this interesting venture, see Bagley, ed., Frontiersman: Abner Blackburn's Narrative, 63-120."

Page 261.
"Thursday 19 August 1847 - Cloudy & cool morning. About 7 a.m. Stephen Markham baptized Joshua Abbott & Ruth Abbott & were confirmed by Stephen Markham & Thomas Bullock about noon."

Additions, bold, notes, [bracketed] information, etc. added by Lucy Brown Archer

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... Easter 1986 through October 2005


... Published December 2007:
By Erold C. Wiscombe

... Published March 2009:
(unfortunately the publisher incorrectly changed the photo
and spelling of Phebe Abbott Brown Fife's name
after it was proofed by this author)
Researched and Compiled by
Erold C. Wiscombe

... Published 2012:
"Finding Refuge in El Paso"
By Fred E. Woods [ISBN: 978-1-4621-1153-4]
Includes O.P Brown's activities as Special Church Agent in El Paso
and the Juarez Stake Relief Committee Minutes of 1912.

...Published 2012:
"Colonia Morelos: Un ejemplo de ética mormona
junto al río Bavispe (1900-1912)"
By Irene Ríos Figueroa [ISBN: 978-607-7775-27-0]
Includes O.P. Brown's works as Bishop of Morelos. Written in Spanish.

...Published 2014:
"The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins 1875 - 1932"
By Elizabeth Oberdick Anderson [ISBN: 978-156085-226-1]
Mentions O.P. Brown more than 30 times as Ivins' companion.

... To be Published Soon:

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... Lily Gonzalez Brown 80th Birthday Party-Reunion
July 14, 2007 in American Fork, Utah

...Gustavo Brown Family Reunion in October 2007

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...... Wives and 35 Children Photo Chart
...... Chronology
...... Photo Gallery of OPB
...... Letters


...... Biographical Sketch of the Life Orson Pratt Brown
...... History of Orson Pratt Brown by Orson P. Brown
...... Journal & Reminiscences of Capt. Orson P. Brown
...... Memories of Orson P. Brown by C. Weiler Brown
...... Orson Pratt Brown by "Hattie" Critchlow Jensen
...... Orson Pratt Brown by Nelle Spilsbury Hatch
...... Orson Pratt Brown by W. Ayrd Macdonald

- Captain James Brown 1801-1863

...... Wives and 29 / 43 Children Photo Chart
...... Captain James Brown's Letters & Journal
...... Brown Family Memorabilia
...... Mormon Battalion 1846-1847
...... Brown's Fort ~ then Brownsville, Utah
...... Chronology of Captain James Brown

- Phebe Abbott Brown Fife 1831-1915

- Colonel William Nicol Fife - Stepfather 1831-1915


- James Brown of Rowan County, N.C. 1757-1823

- Mary Williams of Rowan County, N.C. 1760-1832

- Stephen Joseph Abbott of, PA 1804-1843

- Abigail Smith of Williamson, N.Y. 1806-1889

- John Fife of Tulliallan, Scotland 1807-1874

- Mary Meek Nicol, Carseridge, Scotland 1809-1850 


- Martha "Mattie" Diana Romney Brown 1870-1943

- Jane "Jennie" Bodily Galbraith Brown 1879-1944

- Elizabeth Graham MacDonald Webb Brown 1874-1904

- Eliza Skousen Brown Abbott Burk 1882-1958

- Angela Maria Gavaldón Brown 1919-1967


- (Martha) Carrie Brown (child) 1888-1890

- (Martha) Orson Pratt Brown, Jr. (child) 1890-1892

- (Martha) Ray Romney Brown 1892-1945

- (Martha) Clyde Romney Brown 1893-1948

- (Martha) Miles Romney Brown 1897-1974

- (Martha) Dewey B. Brown 1898-1954

- (Martha) Vera Brown Foster Liddell Ray 1901-1975

- (Martha) Anthony Morelos Brown 1904-1970

- (Martha) Phoebe Brown Chido Gardiner 1906-1973

- (Martha) Orson Juarez Brown 1908-1981

- (Jane) Ronald Galbraith Brown 1898-1969

- (Jane) Grant "Duke" Galbraith Brown 1899-1992

- (Jane) Martha Elizabeth Brown Leach Moore 1901-1972

- (Jane) Pratt Orson Galbraith Brown 1905-1960

- (Jane) William Galbraith Brown (child) 1905-1912

- (Jane) Thomas Patrick Porfirio Diaz Brown 1907-1978

- (Jane) Emma Jean Galbraith Brown Hamilton 1909-1980

- (Elizabeth) (New born female) Webb 1893-1893

- (Elizabeth) Elizabeth Webb Brown Jones 1895-1982

- (Elizabeth) Marguerite Webb Brown Shill 1897-1991

- (Elizabeth) Donald MacDonald Brown 1902-1971

- (Elizabeth) James Duncan Brown 1904-1943

- (Eliza) Gwen Skousen Brown Erickson Klein 1903-1991

- (Eliza) Anna Skousen Brown Petrie Encke 1905-2001

- (Eliza) Otis Pratt Skousen Brown 1907-1987

- (Eliza) Orson Erastus Skousen Brown (infant) 1909-1910

- (Eliza) Francisco Madera Skousen Brown 1911-1912

- (Eliza) Elizabeth Skousen Brown Howell 1914-1999

- (Angela) Silvestre Gustavo Brown 1919-

- (Angela) Bertha Erma Elizabeth Brown 1922-1979

- (Angela) Pauly Gabaldón Brown 1924-1998

- (Angela) Aaron Aron Saul Brown 1925

- (Angela) Mary Angela Brown Hayden Green 1927

- (Angela) Heber Jedediah Brown (infant) 1936-1936

- (Angela) Martha Gabaldón Brown Gardner 1940


- Stephen Abbott Brown 1851-1853

- Phoebe Adelaide Brown Snyder 1855-1930

- Cynthia Abigail Fife Layton 1867-1943

- (New born female) Fife 1870-1870

- (Toddler female) Fife 1871-1872


- (Martha Stephens) John Martin Brown 1824-1888

(Martha Stephens) Alexander Brown 1826-1910

(Martha Stephens) Jesse Stowell Brown 1828-1905

- (Martha Stephens) Nancy Brown Davis Sanford 1830-1895

(Martha Stephens) Daniel Brown 1832-1864

(Martha Stephens) James Moorhead Brown 1834-1924

(Martha Stephens) William Brown 1836-1904

(Martha Stephens) Benjamin Franklin Brown 1838-1863

(Martha Stephens) Moroni Brown 1838-1916

- (Susan Foutz) Alma Foutz Brown (infant) 1842-1842

- (Esther Jones) August Brown (infant) 1843-1843

- (Esther Jones) Augusta Brown (infant) 1843-1843

- (Esther Jones) Amasa Lyman Brown (infant) 1845-1845

- (Esther Jones) Alice D. Brown Leech 1846-1865

- (Esther Jones) Esther Ellen Brown Dee 1849-1893

- (Sarah Steadwell) James Harvey Brown 1846-1912

- (Mary McRee) George David Black 1841-1913

- (Mary McRee) Mary Eliza Brown Critchlow1847-1903

- (Mary McRee) Margaret Brown 1849-1855

- (Mary McRee) Mary Brown Edwards Leonard 1852-1930

- (Mary McRee) Joseph Smith Brown 1856-1903

- (Mary McRee) Josephine Vilate Brown Newman 1858-1917

- (Phebe Abbott) Stephen Abbott Brown (child) 1851-1853

- (Phebe Abbott) Phoebe Adelaide Brown 1855-1930

- (Cecelia Cornu) Charles David Brown 1856-1926

- (Cecelia Cornu) James Fredrick Brown 1859-1923

- (Lavinia Mitchell) Sarah Brown c. 1857-

- (Lavinia Mitchell) Augustus Hezekiah Brown c. 1859


- (Diane Davis) Sarah Jane Fife White 1855-1932

- (Diane Davis) William Wilson Fife 1857-1897

- (Diane Davis) Diana Fife Farr 1859-1904

- (Diane Davis) John Daniel Fife 1863-1944

- (Diane Davis) Walter Thompson Fife 1866-1827

- (Diane Davis) Agnes Ann "Aggie" Fife 1869-1891

- (Diane Davis ) Emma Fife (child) 1871-1874

- (Diane Davis) Robert Nicol Fife (infant) 1873-1874

- (Diane Davis) Barnard Fife (infant) 1881-1881

- (Cynthia Abbott) Mary Lucina Fife Hutchins 1868-1950

- (Cynthia Abbott) Child Fife (infant) 1869-1869

- (Cynthia Abbott) David Nicol Fife 1871-1924

- (Cynthia Abbott) Joseph Stephen Fife (child) 1873-1878

- (Cynthia Abbott) James Abbott Fife (infant) 1877-1878


- (Diana) Caroline Lambourne 18461979

- (Diana)  Miles Park Romney 1843-1904

- (Jane) Emma Sarah Bodily 1858-1935

- (Jane) William Wilkie Galbraith 1838-1898

- (Elizabeth) Alexander F. Macdonald 1825-1903

- (Elizabeth) Elizabeth Atkinson 1841-1922

- (Eliza) Anne Kirstine Hansen 1845-1916

- (Eliza) James Niels Skousen 1828-1912

- (Angela) Maria Durán de Holguin 1876-1955

- (Angela) José Tomás Gabaldón 1874-1915












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